American sculptor, painter, etcher and teacher, born in Pittsburgh. Studied at the Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, and at Teachers College, Columbia University, New York; also with Hofmann in the summer of 1934, at Hayter's Atelier 17 in 1943-4 and with Albers 1945. Her study under Hayter of the use of fabric textures in making soft ground etchings led her to experiment with string compositions as a basis for etchings, and from 1946 to make sculptures with strings. First one-woman exhibition at the Village Art Center, New York, 1947. A visit to Japan in 1953-4 had the effect of enhancing the patterned elegance of her work. Has taught at the University of Minnesota, Teachers College and elsewhere. Lives in New York.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.228