Dutch landscape painter, born in The Hague. Began as a railway official in The Hague, then turned full time to painting. Studied under the landscape painters J.W. van Borselen and J.H. Weissenbruch, and was encouraged by Jacob Mans, on whom he later wrote a book. His interest in Millet, Théodore Rousseau and Corot led him to spend 1878-80 at Barbizon in the Forest of Fontainebleau. On his return to Holland, settled at The Hague, from which he made frequent expeditions to the Drenthe heaths and Gelderland. Moved in 1895 to Renkum and in 1902 to Harlem, where he died.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.63