Artist biography

Italian painter, draughtsman and printmaker of Carniolan origin. As a child he experienced the confluence of Slavic, Germanic and Italian culture, but as an artist he later drew from French influences. His first encounters with art were in the 1920s, in Vienna with the style of the Secession, and in Prague with Impressionism. From 1930 to 1935 he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Zagreb. It was the experience of World War II, however, which marked his life: he was arrested by the Gestapo and interned at Dachau from 1944 to 1945. There he made a series of drawings, Dachau (artist's col., see 1977 exh. cat., pp. 1–12), an extraordinary document of concentration-camp life. His first works after his release were watercolours and gouaches of Venice and paintings of the Sienese countryside. In the mid 1950s and the 1960s he underwent a period of crisis because of the pressures placed on his natural inclination towards representation by the dominance of the abstraction of the Ecole de Paris. In his prints of this period he returned to the themes of the 1940s. He returned decisively to his origins as a figurative artist in a painful meditation on the terror of Dachau. It was followed by such series as Rocky Landscapes (from 1976), views of Venice (the Giudecca and the Dogana) in 1981, and Church Interiors in 1984. After 1985 he worked intensely on self-portraits and double portraits of himself and his wife.

Bibliography
J. Grenier: Musić (Paris, 1970)
Musić: Malerei—Zeichnung—Graphik (exh. cat. by E. Steingräber and B. Krimmel, Darmstadt, Ausstellhallen Mathildenhöhe, 1977)
G. Mazzariol: Musić (Milan, 1980)
Musić: Opere, 1946–1982 (exh. cat. by G. Mazzariol and J. Leymarie, Venice, Correr, 1985)

JEAN CLAIR

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