'Java' demonstrates Buckley's concern to emphasise the object-like quality of his paintings. Here, sixteen units are screwed together in an irregular arrangement. This developed the theme of superimposed paintings which he began in the early 1970s. In this way 'Java' contains references to his own earlier work. Since he was a student, Buckley has made references to the works of other artists and 'Java' also makes allusions of this kind. The arrangement of its parts echoes the sense of movement in Matisse's painting 'The Dance' and in Duchamp's 'Nude Descending a Staircase'. The painted spots make a connection with Picasso's similar use of paint in his sculpture 'The Glass of Absinthe' 1914.