Technique and condition
The canvas, a commercially prepared linen, glue sized and primed with a white lead oil ground was supplied by Newman, Colourmen of Soho Square, London. Only the bottom tacking edge of the canvas remains as the irregular curve of the lunette shape has been cut to fit the vaulting.
The painting is sketchily executed in oil colours with drawing at all levels in graphite pencil, including squaring up of some features transferred from preparatory drawings, e.g. the woman right of centre. The muted tones of the painting are generally thinly scumbled on, rubbed and scraped down and reworked. Some figures are painted in more detail with more impasted opaque colours but many areas are left as tentative drawing or scumbles of colour.
The thin and abraded appearance of the painting is mainly due to the artist's technique but it has accumulated many minor damages, in the form of creases, distortions, surface scratches and small losses, particularly at the top. At some time the canvas had been lined onto a rectangular linen canvas with wax adhesive and stretched onto a flimsy stretcher. During this process the top of the arched canvas had been turned over the top edge of the stretcher. The surface of the painting was coated with a waxy film over which the losses were retouched.
The painting was not framed and its condition on acquisition was poor. The lining canvas had begun to separate from back of the buckling original canvas in small areas and the surface was covered with grime. The surface dirt, waxy film and darkened old retouchings were removed. The lining canvas was peeled away, wax which had penetrated into the original canvas extracted, and the small tears repaired and distortions flattened. The canvas was not relined but new tacking edges were attached to the perimeter on the back and it was stretched onto a new stretcher shaped to fit the curve of the canvas. Paint losses were filled and retouched and the surface sprayed with a thin coat of synthetic resin varnish. A frame was designed, incorporating a moulding featured in New County Hall, and fitted.