Catalogue entry

This catalogue entry discusses a group of works; details of the individual work are given at the end of the introductory text.

John Constable 1776-1837 and David Lucas 1802-1881

T04064 - T04103 'English Landscape Scenery' pub.1855

Bound volume containing text and forty mezzotints, various sizes, on wove paper, page size 426 x 290 (16 3/4 x 11 7/16)
Purchased (Grant-in-Aid) 1985
Prov: ...; given by Mrs Peter Hammond to her husband Peter Hammond 27 July 1911 (inscription on endpaper); ...; Osbert H. Barnard, sold Sotheby's 7 March 1985 (237, together with T03983-04063) £5017 bt Christopher Mendez for Tate Gallery
Lit: as for T03983-04063 above

See the introductory text to T03983-04063 for general comments on this edition, published by H.G. Bohn in 1855 under the title English Landscape Scenery: A Series of Forty Mezzotinto Engravings on Steel, by David Lucas. From Pictures Painted by John Constable, R.A.

The titles used here are those that appear on the prints themselves, except for subjects first published in the 1830-2 English Landscape series, for which the original titles, as given on T03983-04063, have been retained. The ruled borders or framing lines (as Shirley calls them) used on the later Lucas subjects included in this edition have been ignored for the purpose of measuring the images.

T04091 View on the Orwell near Ipswich


Mezzotint 142 x 182 (5 5/8 x 7 3/16); plate-mark 176 x 220 (6 15/16 x 8 11/16)
Engraved inscriptions: '28' above image t.r., 'Painted by John Constable, R.A.' below image b.l., 'Engraved by David Lucas.' below image b.r., 'VIEW ON THE ORWELL | NEAR IPSWICH.' below image at centre; first line of title in fine open letters, second in fine italic
Lit: Shirley 1930, no.24, state III; Hill 1985, no.32


The engraving of this subject had been begun by February 1831, when Constable asked Lucas to bring him a proof ('that one you first took off, when I was with you') together with the original oil sketch (Beckett IV 1966, p.343). The latter is now in the Victoria and Albert Museum (Graham Reynolds, Victoria and Albert Museum: Catalogue of the Constable Collection, 1973, no.96, pl.56; Hill 1985, pl.32 in col.). Eventually dropped from English Landscape, the print was being considered for the 'Appendix' in October 1832 (Beckett IV 1966, p.384) and was eventually lettered for Moon's edition of 1838. Lucas appears to have undertaken further work on the plate before including it in his New Series in 1846. At least, Shirley records a progress proof dated June 1844 (Shirley 1930, p.185, proof 'h'). However, his account suggests that this precedes the lettered state of 1838, thus leaving the question somewhat unresolved.

Published in:
The Tate Gallery 1984-86: Illustrated Catalogue of Acquisitions Including Supplement to Catalogue of Acquisitions 1982-84, Tate Gallery, London 1988, pp.50 and 57