Cooper is known to have drawn with a reed pen, which he has used here with rapid and flowing movements to produce strongly contrasted areas of light and shade. He delights in using quick rounded pen strokes to build up the foliage and shadows. The yellow-brown tone of his broad washes suggest the ink he used was bistre. The washes have been diluted and applied over the iron gall pen work, causing the ink lines underneath to 'bleed'. The sheet is left bare in places to suggest sunlight falling on the scene.
Gallery label, August 2004