John Dodgson

Market Place

1950s

Artist
John Dodgson 1890–1969
Medium
Oil paint on canvas
Dimensions
None
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Presented by Stephen Dodgson and Ann Harvey, the artist's children 1999
Reference
T07564

Not on display

Summary

Market Place reveals Dodgson's fascination with the exotic. The uncharacteristically bright colours together with the title suggest that this is a painting of an Eastern bazaar, with figures swathed in rich draperies walking through a sunlit street. In fact the painting derived from a biblical scene and to reach a full understanding of how the painting came about one must consider the two accompanying drawings (Tate T07568 and Tate T07569).

These drawings show the work in progress. One work (Tate T07568) shows two squared-up drawings on a page from a sketchbook which directly precede the large painting. The forms of the heads and faces in the crowded street are more clearly defined and the perspective more clearly visible. The other drawing (Tate T07569) is on tracing paper and is also squared-up and provides the clue to the original subject. On one side is a small drawing which appears immediately to precede the sketchbook grids. On the other side, and in reverse, is a larger drawing. It becomes clear that the composition for the final paintings is derived from this larger, more legible, picture. In this version the bearded man with a hat is facing a woman in a veil who holds a tiny baby. On the opposite side of the picture is a woman wearing a modern hat. A fourth figure, who appears to be looking at the child, can be seen over the bearded man's shoulder. The side wall of a house and a view of a distant landscape complete the scene. Instinctive readings lead the viewer to connect this image with representations of the Holy Family. An unfinished painting (private collection) completes the story. Bearing the title Flight into Egypt, this painting shows the figures, this time minus the second male figure in the foreground, but including instead a distant figure saddling a donkey, depicted in colours traditionally associated with images of this subject.

Dodgson had very specific feelings about painting religious images. While he was very moved by religious scenes, he maintained a distance from conventional belief, which he felt to be unnecessary and cumbersome. It was perhaps for this reason that he was so drawn to the work of Piero della Francesca (1410/20-92). He admired Piero's ability to paint religious imagery in a beautiful and moving yet unsentimental manner. In this instance it is thought that Dodgson may have been influenced by Luca Signorelli (c.1441/50-1523), Heads of Men (Louvre, Paris) (Pery, p.29).

Market Place is unusual because its evolution is so well-documented. Dodgson's process is laid bare, as much of the compositional process took place before the work was committed to canvas. It is also of particular interest because it includes references to European art history, which one would associate with Dodgson, while also revealing a personal fascination with the exotic delights associated with markets and the crowd, which may draw on memories of his childhood in India.

Further reading:
Jenny Pery, John Dodgson: Paintings and Drawings, The Fine Art Society, London 1995, no.41, reproduced p.21, in colour.

Chloe Johnson
September 2001

Technique and condition

An oil-primed canvas prepared by George Rowney Ltd has been probably stretched by the artist to form the painting support. The composition closely follows that in a small, 5 x 61/4 squared up pencil sketch. A matching grid is visible in the painting in several places, such as in the top, middle area. The squares on the painting are 21/4 square.

Thinned grey paint is visible around some of the forms, used to depict outlines. Thorough planning has allowed the artist to apply the paint in a thin, predominantly single thickness. In only a few areas are several layers of paint present. All the paint has the characteristic marking of bristle brushes. In places the wet paint has been scribbled in, possibly with the end of the brush. Flat areas of colour are used generally. There is quite a variety of matt and gloss. This is probably a feature of the specific colours used, rather than the artist adding thinner or additional medium. Hence the alizarin crimson depicted cap looks rich with medium, whereas the brown earth coloured area located upper right, appears matt. However, in the bottom left corner area, there appear to be some matt areas in the ochre coloured arm of the figure. When viewed in reflected light, some liquid does appear to have been brushed on, possibly an oiling out layer applied to re-saturate the colour. Overall the paint does not appear to be varnished.

Tim Green
November 1999
1


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