Jacob Epstein moved to England in 1905, bringing a new force and direction to British sculpture. Epstein championed 'direct carving', that is, cutting directly into wood or stone, as opposed to copying forms modelled in wax or clay. The work of other British sculptors who shared this enthusiasm is shown in the case opposite.
Epstein also promoted an interest in African and Oceanic cultures as a way of injecting new life into the forms and subject matter of sculpture. Doves reflects Epstein’s interest in procreative themes and his wish to find subjects that were
expressive but not over-complicated.