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Sun God was carved in 1910 when Epstein and Eric Gill were planning what Gill described as a ‘sort of twentieth-century Stonehenge’ of monumental sculpture on pagan and erotic themes at Asheham House, Sussex. Probably intended for this unrealised project, it is one of several works by Epstein exploring the power of the sun and influenced by Egyptian art. In 1931 Epstein carved Primeval Gods on the reverse. Although the massive square-shouldered figure draws on influences from African sculpture, Epstein’s work in the 1930s also shows his engagement with younger British sculptors, among them Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth.