The post-war period saw a rebirth of constructivism in Britain. John Ernest was part of a group of artists, among them Victor Pasmore (1908-1998), who were at this time working towards a rigorous sculptural abstraction, notably by producing constructed reliefs. Ernest had worked as a painter, making both abstract and figurative works, before arriving in London in 1951, where he then studied sculpture at St Martin’s School of Art from 1952. He began making constructions in 1954 and from the completion of his studies in 1956 worked exclusively in that medium.
Ernest corresponded with the American artist Charles Biederman (1906-2004), who viewed the constructed relief as the logical development of Mondrian’s abstract paintings. Ernest’s relief sculptures, such as Triangulated Relief 1965 (Tate T03723) and Mosaic Relief No. 4 1966 (Tate T00872), show his interest in examining the relationships between of a small number of predetermined elements. Ernest investigated scientific and mathematical problems as well as aesthetics, and he designed and made scientific models alongside his artistic practice. His artworks were sometimes visualisations of abstract mathematical models.
This sculpture, a large work constructed from painted plywood, is a realisation of a moebius strip. A moebius strip is a one sided or non-orientable surface, an infinite loop with one continuous plane. This seemingly impossible object is often demonstrated by a loop of paper with simple twist in its path. Ernest’s Moebius Strip is unusual, not only in its realisation as a cuboid shape, but that it is a negative rather than a positive representation. Ernest regularly made use of negative space in his constructions, and in this case it is the spaces between the painted wood panels in which the moebius strip is seen. The work was made for Systems, an Arts Council of Great Britain touring exhibition, which was first shown at Whitechapel Art Gallery in London in 1972.
Systems, exhibition catalogue, Arts Council of Great Britain, London, 1972
John Ernest: Exhibition of Reliefs, exhibition catalogue, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, 1964