This is one of the first works Hilton painted in St Ives following his decision to move to Cornwall late in 1956. By this time his severely abstract Neo-Plastic phase of the early 1950s was passing. As 'January 1957' shows, Hilton's painting became more improvisatory and expressionistic. The surface of the paint is broken up and lines are freely drawn. The artist used a range of techniques, including palette knife, brush and drawing straight from the paint tube. The move towards more muted, earthy colour and solid, organic form is also apparent. These changes were no doubt inspired by the shapes and colours of the Cornish landscape.