Technique and condition
The paint was applied by brush in a fairly loose manner, mainly in thin layers, although the brushstrokes in the fan and sitter's face have an appreciable thickness. The painting had been varnished, probably with a natural resin, as part of an earlier restoration. There were also a number of far more discoloured areas on the paintings surface (i.e. beneath the varnish) which were probably remnants of an older and original varnish (although it is also possible that they were medium-rich retouchings). Either way, the degree of discoloration was considered disturbing to the painting. The varnish and discoloured regions were therefore removed and a clear and stable synthetic varnish was applied.
It is not known whether the frame is original. The painting is in overall good condition. The canvas and board support have remained structurally sound and the only damage to the paint layers has been some minor wear. The area of missing canvas in the bottom right corner has been retouched to mimic more closely the surrounding paint colour.