In 1914 Wyndham Lewis and the American poet and critic Ezra Pound launched Vorticism with the first edition of 'BLAST'. Vorticism embraced the modern world with gusto. Lewis used 'BLAST' as a vehicle for his 'attack on traditional harmony'. Through its pages he poured scorn on the taste of polite society. This composition was among the first works by Lewis to suggest the architectural and mechanistic rhythm of urban life using a distinctive abstract style. Vorticism challenged French Cubism and Italian Futurism, although its sharp-angled depiction of fragmented space owed a debt to these movements. However, Vorticism focused on the idea of the 'Vortex', the still centre where creative energy is most intense.