Technique and condition

The original clay master had a smooth modelled surface, manipulated, smoothed and shaped with modelling tools to a leathery hard, flat, multi-faceted finish. Seated Bather is a primary cast with a patchy, dark, terracotta coloured shellac and pigment surface. The plaster retains evidence in the surface of gelatine mould residue and raised mould lines.

Many of Lipchitz’s plasters contain wood and wire armatures to support and strengthen the structures. These would have been secreted inside the negative gelatine mould before pouring the liquid plaster. X-ray examination would be the only way of positive identification in this case. This plaster was translated into a stone and a bronze version.

Inscribed in the top of the base is a number ‘742’. In black paint, the title ‘Seated Bather’ is on the underside of the base.

Arnason 1969. rep. 82 (bronze); Lipchitz 1972, pp 127-8.
The Lipchitz Gift 1986. Tate pp15-17.

Sandra Deighton
February 2005