In the 1960s Lowry made a number of visits to South Wales with his friend, and ardent collector of his work, Monty Bloom. Discovery of the mining villages renewed his interest in the industrial panorama as a subject for his paintings. But unlike the industrial North of England, the Welsh mining villages prompted pictures that combine a sense of urban life within a rural environment. Here, the village is depicted as if nestling in the side of the hill like an ancient Celtic site or monument. This picture was painted from notes and sketches made on the spot near Abertillery.