Henri Matisse 1869-1954
T00082 Nu de Dos IV
(Back IV) 1930
Inscribed 'HM | 4/10' b.r.
Bronze relief, 74 x 44 5/8 x 6 (188 x 113.5 x 15.3)
Purchased from the artist's family (Grant-in-Aid and Knapping Fund) 1955
Prov: As for 'Back I' (T00081)
Exh: Matisse 1869-1954, Hayward Gallery, London, July-September 1968 (142, repr.)
Lit: Alfred H. Barr, Jr., Matisse: his Art and his Public (New York 1951), pp.142, 218, 545, and Additions and Corrections, plaster repr. p.459; Albert Elsen, 'The Sculpture of Matisse, Part IV: The Backs and Monumental Decorative Sculpture' in Artforum, VII, December 1968, pp.30-1, repr. p.31; Jack D. Flam, 'Matisse's Backs and the Development of his Painting' in Art Journal, XXX, Summer 1971, pp.357-61, repr. p.358; Albert E. Elsen, The Sculpture of Henri Matisse (New York 1972), pp.155, 192-7, repr. pls.234, 252, 256
Like T00160, this remained unpublished and virtually unknown until the retrospective exhibitions of 1949 and 1950. In the catalogue of the exhibition at the Maison de la Pensée Française in 1950 it was entitled 'Nu de Dos, 3e état' (Back, 3rd state) and bore the date 1929. Matisse subsequently confirmed that it was made just before his trip to Tahiti in the spring of 1930.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.499-500, reproduced p.499