Paula Rego Bride 1994

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Artwork details

Artist
Paula Rego born 1935
Title
Bride
Date 1994
Medium Pastel on paper
Dimensions Support: 1200 x 1606 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Purchased 1995
Reference
T06959
Not on display

Summary

Bride is one of a series of large-scale works in pastel Rego made in 1994 which she called the Dog Women. She had previously worked mainly with oil paint, acrylics and watercolour, but discovered that working with pastel on paper, backed with canvas and laminated onto a sheet of aluminium for support, allowed her a liberating spontaneity. 'With pastel you don't have the brush between you and the surface. Your hand is making the picture. It's almost like being a sculptor … It's very tactile.' (Rego quoted in McEwen, p.215). Most of the works in this series depict a single monumental woman in a variety of animal-like poses in which she is simultaneously submissive and fiercely independent.

To be a dog woman is not necessarily to be downtrodden; that has very little to do

with it. In these pictures every woman's a dog woman, not downtrodden but

powerful. To be bestial is good. It's physical … To picture a woman as a dog is

utterly believable. It emphasises the physical side of her being. What is important

is that the dog is the animal most like a human. A dog learns people's ways and

behaves like a person, just as people do. Women learn from those they are with;

they are trained to do certain things, but they are also part animal. They have

independence of body, independence of spirit and their tastes can be quite gross.

(Quoted in McEwen, p.216.)

Although Rego had used Lila Nunes, the woman who had nursed her husband, the painter Victor Willing (1928-88), and then her mother, as the model for most of the dog women, she used her daughter Victoria Willing as the model for Bride and a related work of the same year, Moth (private collection). The images using Nunes are characterised by her powerful physicality and depict ferocity mixed with devotion. Bride and Moth portray less aggressive emotional states. Moth was inspired by an erotic poem of the same name by Blake Morrison (born 1950), which for the artist 'opened up a whole can of worms' about marriage (McEwen, p.223). The woman it portrays, who is wearing a cocktail dress belonging to Rego's mother, sits sideways over a chair with her head cocked and her arms up as if obedient and receptive to an approaching husband. In Bride the mood is even more passive, as the subject reclines awkwardly, presumably after the wedding ceremony. With her legs bent at the knee, slightly apart, and her feet carefully placed on the ground, she seems to be waiting for her groom, but without the sense of joy or exhilaration one might expect on such an occasion. Looking directly out of the painting, she appears both loving and resigned, in a position of ambiguous isolation.

Further reading:
John McEwen, Paula Rego, London 1997, pp.211-23, reproduced p.219 (colour)
Judith Collins, Ruth Rosengarten, Victor Willing, Paula Rego, exhibition catalogue, Tate Gallery Liverpool 1997, pp.88-101, reproduced p.93 (colour)
Paula Rego: Dog Woman, exhibition catalogue, Marlborough Fine Art, London 1994

Elizabeth Manchester
June 2000

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