- Jesus Rafael Soto 1923–2005
- Original title
- Relations eléments opposés
- Aluminium and wood
- Object: 1581 x 1073 x 152 mm
- Purchased 1965
Jésus-Rafael Soto born 1923
T00806 Relations Eléments opposés
(Relationship of Contrasting Elements) 1965
Inscribed 'HAUT | "RELATIONES ELEMENTS OPPOSÉS' ' | Soto | 1965' on back
Relief of painted and stainless steel plates mounted on wood blocks mounted on painted wood mounted on chipboard, 62 1/4 x 42 1/4 x 6 (158 x 107 x 15)
Purchased from the artist through Signals London (Grant-in-Aid) 1965
Exh: The Achievements of Jésus-Rafael Soto 1950-1965: 15 Years of Vibrations, Signals London, London, October-December 1965 (works not listed)
Lit: 'Stop Press' in Signals, 1, No.10, November-December 1965, p.2
Repr: The Tate Gallery (London 1969), p.171 ; Cyril Barrett, Op Art (London 1970), pl.28
Although Soto had used squares in his work as early as 1952, it was only in 1964-5 that he began to make reliefs with series of rows of square plates of standardised size superimposed on a hatched background. As he told Guy Brett in April 1965: 'By means of the endless repetition of the square, the square itself disappears and produces pure movement' (Signals, op. cit., p.13).
This particular numerical combination (six rows of four, divisible into six square groups of four and also into a large square plus half a square, like a predella) was a favourite of his at the time and was used for at least six reliefs of 1965-6, all the same size. 'Vibration' 1965 in the Guggenheim Museum, New York, is the simplest and therefore possibly the earliest of these, as it has four rows of black plates at the top and two rows of stainless steel plates below, against a uniformly striped greyish background. The Tate's relief, which was made specially for the exhibition at Signals London in October-December 1965, has exactly the same arrangement of black and stainless steel plates, but the upper two-thirds of the background (behind the black plates) is predominantly black, and the lower third (behind the silvery plates) predominantly white, while 'Relationship Yellow and Silvered' 1965 (sold at Christie's, London, 3 July 1979, lot 209, repr. in colour upside down) is very like the Tate's except that the bottom third of the background is a uniform yellow. 'Large Relationship - Black and Blue', also made in 1965 (sold at Christie's, New York, 3 November 1978, lot 41, repr. in colour) again has the same arrangement of plates, but the upper part of the background is greyish and the bottom third a uniform black. Finally, 'Large Relationship with a White Square' 1965 (cat. no.19 in Soto's exhibition at the Galerie Denise René, Paris, in May-June 1967 and reproduced) and 'One Silvery Square' 1966 in the Ulster Museum, Belfast, both have all black plates apart from one in stainless steel third from left in the second row from the bottom; but they differ in that the relief exhibited at the Galerie Denise René has a blackish and whitish background like the Tate's and the Ulster Museum's an all-over greyish one like the relief in the Guggenheim Museum.
The Tate's relief has also been known as 'Large Vibration'.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.698, reproduced p.698