Despite its title, this is not a picture of a particular farm. Gilbert Spencer had often painted landscapes in the Cotswolds while staying with friends at Andoversford, and he used his memory of these to create an imaginary farm.
Gilbert spent over a year painting this picture in his London studios. It was bought for the nation by the Chantrey Bequest when it was first exhibited in the following February. It is unusually large, and makes a strong statement about traditional farm labour and its place in the landscape.