A Couple of Foxhounds was probably commissioned by the Reverend Thomas Vyner of north Lincolnshire. Stubbs was known to have worked for the Vyner family on his return to Lincolnshire in 1776 and again in 1792. Vyner was an avid sportsman and equestrian, and an expert on breeding hounds. He was a close friend of Charles Anderson-Pelham, later 1st Baron Yarborough, and the two often hunted together at Brocklesby, the Pelham estate. Stubbs painted Ringwood (collection Earl of Yarborough), a portrait of the leading hound in the Brocklesby pack, the same year he made this picture, and the hounds depicted in this work are probably of the same breeding.