T00731 Signal 'Insecte-Animal de l'Espace' (Signal 'Insect-Animal of Space') 1956
Iron, steel and bronze, 81 7/8 x 9 x 9 1/2 (208 x 23 x 24); the width and depth exclude the projecting metal base
Presented by Mrs Peggy Guggenheim through the CAS 1965
Prov: Mrs Peggy Guggenheim, Venice (purchased from the artist)
Exh: The Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Tate Gallery, December 1964-February 1965 (174) as 'Signal' 1958
Lit: Takis, Estafilades (Paris 1961), pp.132-4, 147-8, 150-4
Repr: Michael Compton, Optical and Kinetic Art (London 1967), pl.29
The artist wrote that this was made in 1956 and he would like it to be entitled 'Signal "Insecte-Animal de l'Espace"' (letter of 1 October 1965).
He relates in his autobiography Estafilades that the idea of making his series of metal sculptures known as 'Signals' first came to him in 1955 on his way back to Paris after the end of his exhibition at the Hanover Gallery (which closed on 4 March). On arrival in France he had to wait for four hours at the railway station, where he was greatly excited by the spectacle of a forest of signals. 'Before long, my Signals were transformed from railway signals into rockets, antennae and radio receivers. Travelling often by aeroplane, I was always delighted by the aerodromes and their giant radars which turned slowly, seeking out the metallic objects which glide in space. It is as though they were monstrous instruments intercepting cosmic events' (op. cit., p.150).
This interest in cosmic forces led directly to his experiments with different manifestations of magnetic energy.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.712, reproduced p.712