While the Nazis considered modernist artto be subversive, realism could also be problematic for them. Taslitzky was among those who developed Socialist Realism to promote Communism and attack Fascism. As a member of the French Resistance, he was deported to Buchenwald concentration camp. His horrific experiences underpin this work, which commemorates the death of a leading French Communist at Auschwitz. Taslitzky’s composition concentrates the wider tragedy into the suffering of a single individual, while affirming the resilience of the human spirit.