Joseph Mallord William Turner

A Bay with Surrounding Mountains, a Church and Tree in the Foreground

1798

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Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 170 x 266 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D41254

Catalogue entry

The rough sketch records the same subject as that on folio 20 recto (D01375) – a ruined church above the estuary of the Glaslyn, with Harlech Castle and Moel y Gest in the distance.
At the outer top corner relative to the sketchbook’s foliation, but ascending vertically relative to the drawing, Turner has inscribed the following in pencil:
              C  P            R G
Miss H B 1 1 Stump 1
          H B 1 1 D   Rubber
          H B
          So   1 1
          St    1 1 Rubber
          M       1
          F  B1 1 Stump’
These cryptic notes appear to relate to the process of making an etching or engraving, and can be linked to Turner’s interest in printmaking as indicated in the ‘recipe’ he wrote on one of his studies at the Royal Academy Schools (Tate D40213; verso of Tate D00057; Turner Bequest V D), or in the list in his Studies near Brighton sketchbook (Tate D40761; inside back cover of Turner Bequest XXX).

Andrew Wilton
May 2013

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