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Finberg notes that this sketch and that on folio 26 recto (D08837) are the sources for the watercolour Bow and Arrow Castle, Isle of Portland of about 1815 (University of Liverpool),1 engraved in 1817 for the Picturesque Views on the Southern Coast of England2 (see the concordance of the series in the 1811 tour introduction). Pennsylvania Castle is still visible from the vantage point of the current sketch on level ground high above the small quarry in front of the ruins of Rufus Castle. The house was designed for John Penn (Governor of Portland Castle and grandson of the founder of Pennsylvania, USA)3 by James Wyatt, for whom Turner had occasionally worked in the 1790s; Turner included the modern ‘castle’ in the background of his watercolour, which is otherwise based on the lower viewpoint of the sketch on folio 26 recto. At the top right is a brief continuation of the skyline to the right.
Wilton 1979, p.352 no.459, reproduced.
Finberg 1909, I, p.354; Wilton 1979, p.352; and Hanley 1992, p.29; Eric Shanes, Turner’s Rivers, Harbours and Coasts, London 1981, p.152, only mentions CXXIV 26.
Blank, save for inscription by John Ruskin in red ink ‘648’ top right, upside down. There is some abrasion at the bottom left corner.
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After Joseph Mallord William Turner Bow and Arrow Castle, Isle of Portland, engraved by W.B. Cooke
After Joseph Mallord William Turner Bow and Arrow Castle, Isle of Portland, Dorsetshire