Joseph Mallord William Turner

Château Gaillard and Petit Andelys, Normandy


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Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Graphite on paper
Support: 137 x 190 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CCLXI 123

Catalogue entry

Turner worked a pencil sketch onto this sheet of blue paper to depict a southerly view across the village of Petit Andelys, Normandy. While the ruins of the settlement’s twelfth-century hilltop fortifications loom over the left-hand side of the scene, the needle-like spire of the Church of Saint-Sauveur is featured at the centre. The domed eighteenth-century edifice of the Saint-Jacques Hospital appears towards the left-hand edge of the sheet. Sketches of this settlement on the banks of the Seine recur frequently in the Seine and Paris sketchbook; for a list of these drawings, see the main entry for Tate D23982 (Turner Bequest CCLIV 51a). For the finished watercolours of the castle in the Turner Bequest which the artist worked up with a view to engraved reproduction, see Tate D24678 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 113) and D24692 (Turner Bequest CCLIX 127). These culminated in two engravings in the 1835 volume of Turner’s Annual Tour: Wanderings by the Loire and Seine (1833–5; later reissued as Rivers of France);1 see Tate T04708 and T04709.
W[illiam] G[eorge] Rawlinson, The Engraved Work of J.M.W. Turner, R.A., vol.II, London 1908, p.270–1 nos.473, 474.
The top left-hand corner of the sheet is inscribed in pencil ‘232 | o’. The bottom left-hand corner is inscribed ¿‘D25095’, also in pencil.

John Chu
August 2014

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