196. [N04657] Cows in a Landscape with a Footbridge c.
THE TATE GALLERY, LONDON (4657)
Canvas, 18 7/8 × 28 (48 × 71)
Coll. Turner Bequest 1856; transferred to the Tate Gallery 1938.
Exh. Arts Council tour 1952 (4).
Close in style and technique to the larger Thames sketches of c. 1806–7. The subject and, in general terms and in reverse, the composition were followed in a plate in the first part of the Liber Studiorum, ‘Bridge and Cows’, R. 2, published on 11 June 1807 and classified as ‘P’ for Pastoral (repr. Finberg 1924, p. 7; the preliminary drawing, CXVI-A, and etching repr. p. 6). In addition the rectangular form seen through the break in the trees in the centre foreshadows another Liber plate, ‘Solitude’, R. 53, published 12 May 1814 and itself developed in a much later oil painting, No. 515 [N01985] (the Liber plate, classified as ‘E.P.’ for ‘Elegant [?] Pastoral’, is repr. Finberg 1924, p. 211).
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984