Joseph Mallord William Turner

Ely Cathedral: The Interior of the Octagon

1794

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 772 x 588 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D00369
Turner Bequest XXII P

Display caption

This impressive view seems to have been drawn entirely freehand: there are no vanishing points and Turner does not even seem to have used a ruler.

Gallery label, September 1992

Catalogue entry

Turner’s approach to this complex and awe-inspiring subject is methodical and careful, with no attempt at bravura draughtsmanship. Passages of architecture that repeat motifs drawn elsewhere are not necessarily recorded. The intention was to gather information that could be used for finished watercolours. He produced two, and exhibited them at the Royal Academy in 1796 and 1797. The first (private collection)1 seems to have been purchased from the exhibition by Sir Richard Colt Hoare of Stourhead, who went on to commission views of Salisbury Cathedral which he stipulated should be the ‘Size of Ely’, presumably referring to his watercolour of the Octagon. Colt Hoare also acquired a view of Ely from the south (private collection).2 The second version of the present subject, now at Aberdeen Art Gallery,3 was executed for the Bishop of Ely, Dr Yorke. The groups of figures that Turner carefully records in his study appear in both finished works.
1
Wilton 1979, p.321 no.194, reproduced.
2
Ibid., pp.320–1 no.193, reproduced.
3
Ibid., p.321 no.195, reproduced.
Technical notes:
The sheet has been roughly torn to shape and folded along the sides round a drawing board.
Verso:
Blank; laid down.

Andrew Wilton
April 2012

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