90. [N00491] Harvest Dinner, Kingston Bank Exh. 1809
THE TATE GALLERY, LONDON (491)
Canvas, 35 1/2 × 47 5/8 (90 × 121)
Signed ‘... MW Tur...’ bottom right
Coll. Turner Bequest 1856 (14, ‘Kingston Bank’ 4'0" × 3'0"'); transferred to the Tate Gallery 1919.
Exh. Turner's gallery 1809 (10); Turner's gallery 1810 (5, ‘Harvest Dinner’); Turner's gallery 1835; Tate Gallery 1931 (43); on loan to the National Museum of Wales 1964–85.
Engr. By Turner for the Liber Studiorum, R. 87, but not published (repr. Finberg 1924, p. 348; the preliminary pen and sepia drawing from the Vaughan Bequest, CXVIII-W, repr. loc. cit.).
Lit. Thornbury 1862, i, p. 295; N. Neal Solly, Memoir of the Life of David Cox, 1863, pp. 28–9; Thornbury
1877, p. 431; Armstrong 1902, p. 224; Finberg 1924, p. 349; S.D. Kitson, Life of John Sell Cotman 1937, p. 129; Davies 1946, p. 185; H.F. Finberg 1951, pp. 384–5; Finberg 1961, pp. 471 no. 137, 512 no. 157e; Rothenstein and Butlin 1964, p. 24.
When it was shown in Turner's gallery in 1809 this picture was the subject of a furtive copy in pencil by Cotman. The same exhibition was presumably the occasion for David Cox's drawing from memory, done as part of a lesson given to Lady Arden. ‘No drawing paper could be found at the time, except the cover of a piece of music, but on this Cox made a small but charming and delicate drawing, very like the “Kingston Bank” in arrangement and colour ... the original painting by Turner is quiet in tone, and Cox's drawing is perhaps rather more sunny. The figures, especially that of a lad stooping down with his head close to the water to drink, are admirably given.’ The drawing, which later belonged to Cox's son, is unfortunately untraced. (See Solly, loc. cit.)
The picture does not seem to have attracted critical attention when it was exhibited in 1809. In 1835, however, this picture was one of ‘the few of Mr. Turner's splendid paintings that enrich the walls of his gallery’ where they were seen and described by the critic of the Spectator for 26 April 1835. After discussing Frosty Morning (No. 127 [N00492]) he goes on, ‘What a contrast does it present to this river-scene at harvest-time! It does not need the man stooping to wash his face, to convey an idea of the sultry heat of a summer morn. Nothing can be more simple that this composition; nor more broad, quiet, and true than its effect.’ For an oil sketch see No. 160 [N02696].
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984