While Turner seems hardly to have used oil during his first visit to Italy in 1819, he made a number of paintings in Rome again in 1828, including sketches on his characteristic canvas rolls, and other smaller ones on millboard, usually covered with muslin. Rome had long been a centre for outdoor painting, but now even more than before, Turner preferred to work in the studio, and while this tonal study of the Campagna swimming in hazy sunshine may have been observed from nature, his Italian sketches were generally composition studies. In later life, Turner effectively abandoned colouring outdoors in any medium.
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Joseph Mallord William Turner (41,861)