Joseph Mallord William Turner

List of Works for Walter Fawkes (Inscription by Turner)

c.1810

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 115 x 76 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D06824
Turner Bequest CII 52

Catalogue entry

See Introduction to the sketchbook and note to folio 48 (D06814) for the discrepancy between the current folio number and Finberg’s.
Turner’s list reads:
Mill. finished
Mill. sketch
Bardon Tower
Armistice Rock
Farnley
Gordale
Strid
Weathercote
Bolton Abbey West
Lac de Thun
Lac de Geneve
Ps V
Bonneville
Ingleboro
Bolton
Blair’s Hut
Stourbeck
Mt. Blanc
8 Vevay
9 Grindelwald
10 Brintz
This list of works sold to or commissioned by Walter Fawkes expands the one inside the back cover of the sketchbook (D40668). While that list cites ten works paid for on 20 February, probably in 1809 or 1810, the present one adds further orders or works in progress. Turner probably drew it up around the time of his visit to Farnley in late summer 1810. A note in his Finance sketchbook (Tate D40900; Turner Bequest CXXII 4 verso) indicates that Fawkes owed him £1000 around this time.
Finberg’s identification of these items as intended for Fawkes is confirmed by the provenances of the recognisable subjects.1 All are presumably watercolours. The two ‘Mill’ subjects may include one of the two versions of Addingham Mill on the River Wharfe (Manchester Art Gallery and private collection)2 of which the latter was owned by Fawkes’s neighbour, Richard Hall, rector of Harewood. Alternatively, as Hill suggests, the subject may have been A View of Otley Mills, with the River Wharfe and Mill Weir (untraced).3 Fawkes told Turner ‘everybody is delighted with your Mill – I sit for a long time before it every day’.4 Barden Tower, on the Wharfe (private collection)5 has no provenance before 1908 but is presumably the work listed here and may have been made for Fawkes.
Finberg read the next work as ‘Armutic Rock’ but Matthew Imms has recognised that Turner’s word is ‘Armistice’, allowing it to be identified with Mont Blanc from Fort Roch, Val d’Aosta (private collection),6 his view of the scene as he remembered it from his visit during the Peace of Amiens in 1802. Turner’s notes on folio 1 (D07621) indicate that this had first been commissioned by Edward Lascelles of Harewood, but it was acquired instead by Fawkes and this new listing seems to be the first evidence of the change of plan. Turner’s emphasis on its ‘Armistice’ status suggests that he was already envisaging his wartime version of the same scene, The Battle of Fort Rock: Val d’Aouste, Piedmont, 1796 (Tate D04900; Turner Bequest LXXX G) which appeared at the Royal Academy in 1815.

David Blayney Brown
July 2007

1
A full (but sometimes misleading) manuscript catalogue of the Fawkes collection is Francis Hawksworth Fawkes, A Catalogue of the Oil Paintings and Water colour drawings and sketches in water colour by J:M:W: Turner, R:A: in the possession of F.H. Fawkes Esqr of Farnley Hall, Otley, Yorkshire AD: 1850, (National Art Library, London, Pressmark 86.EE.38).
2
Wilton 1979, p.363 nos.548–9.
3
Hill, Warburton, Tussey 1980, p.39; this watercolour was in the Ayscough Fawkes sale, Christie’s 27 June 1890, lot 88 (bt. Sedelmeyer).
4
Undated fragment of a letter, Tate D12123; Turner Bequest CLIV Y.
5
Wilton 1979, p.363 no.550.
6
Ibid., p.341 no.369.
7
For a list of exhibits, see Eric Shanes, ‘Identifying Turner’s Chamonix Water-Colours’, The Burlington Magazine, vol.142, no.1172, pp.693–4.
8
Wilton 1979, p.360 no.533
9
Hill, Warburton, Tussey 1980, pp.26–7.
10
Wilton 1979, p.360 no.530.
11
Ibid., p.362 no.541.
12
Ibid., p.360 no.532.
13
Hill, Warburton, Tussey 1980, p.29.
14
Wilton 1979, p.342 no.373; Sotheby’s sale, 4 July 2007, lot 12.
15
Ibid., p.343 no.382.
16
Ibid., p.343 no.381; Sotheby’s sale, 4 July 2007, lot 13.
17
Ibid., pp.362–3 no.547, as ‘Patterdale Old Church’.
18
Ibid., p.360 no.531.
19
Ibid., p.342 no.371.
20
Ibid., p.343 no.384.
21
Ibid., p.342 no.379.
22
Ibid., p.344 no.392.
23
Ibid., p.342 no.374.
24
Ibid., p.342 no.375.

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