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Turner’s journey from Rome to Naples took him into the Alban Hills south of the capital, past the volcanic crater lakes of Albano and Nemi. This sketch is part of a panoramic view taken from the Galleria di Sopra (Upper Gallery), a tree-lined avenue above the shores of Lake Albano. The vista looks north-west towards the Papal Palace at Castel Gandolfo, which can be seen on the far left-hand side of the page. Visible on the distant horizon beyond is Rome itself, with the dome of St Peter’s. In the foreground of the right-hand corner are a couple of small figures including a contadina or Italian peasant woman carrying a bundle on her head. The composition continues on the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 5 (D15563). For further sketches and a discussion of Turner’s views of Lake Albano see folio 3 (D15559).