Joseph Mallord William Turner

The Arrival of Louis-Philippe at the Royal Clarence Yard, Gosport, 8 October 1844

c.1844–5

Medium
Oil paint on canvas
Dimensions
Support: 902 x 1206 mm
frame: 1280 x 1585 x 90 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
N02068

Display caption

JMW Turner 1775-1851
The Arrival of Louis-Philippe at Portsmouth, 8 October 1844 c.1844-5
Oil paint on canvas
Tate. Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
N02068

Turner visited Portsmouth to record the arrival of the French king, who was on a State Visit. He made numerous sketches of the event and also painted two unfinished oils: one showing the king’s arrival, the other his disembarkation. Both are principally concerned with the atmosphere of the occasion, concentrating on the crowd of onlookers. Turner had met Louis-Philippe when the king was living in exile at Twickenham in the 1810s. Contact between them was renewed in the mid-1830s and he was invited to dine with him at his château at Eu in 1845.

September 2014

Gallery label, August 2014

Catalogue entry

505. [N02068] Procession of Boats with Distant Smoke, Venice c. 1845

THE TATE GALLERY, LONDON (2068)

Canvas, 35 1/2 × 47 1/2 (90 × 120·5)

Coll. Turner Bequest 1856; transferred to the Tate Gallery 1906.

Exh. Hamburg, Oslo, Stockholm and Copenhagen 1949–50 (101); Toronto and Ottawa 1951 (11); Australian tour 1960 (14, repr. in colour); New York 1966 (31); Dresden (3) and Berlin (4) 1972.

Lit. MacColl 1920, p. 36; Davies 1946, p. 185; Rothenstein and Butlin 1964, p. 64, pl. 119.

This was formerly called ‘The Burning of the Ships’, and was identified by MacColl as possibly ‘Some historical scene of naval warfare ... or a vague recollection of the incident in the Iliad, which was the subject of a picture by Claude, or again, of the burning of Æneas' ships by Turnus ... In the foreground to the left are galleys crowded with men.’ However, the subject is more likely to be a Venetian one; c.f. particularly the clusters of boats and gondolas in some of the exhibits of 1844 and 1845 (e.g. Nos. 411 [N00539], 417 [N00544], 421 and 422). The picture seems to date from the mid 1840s and is in Turner's standard 3 ft by 4 ft size, which, however, he abandoned for his exhibited Venetian oils after 1836.

Published in:
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984