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For the Pantheon and its destruction by fire see Tate D00121 (Turner Bequest IX A). This is a study for the finished watercolour that Turner executed for Thomas Hardwick, now in a private collection.1 Gage sees in this drawing ‘the first and brilliant signs of a wholly painterly approach to colour’, though note the almost equally adventurous Cottage Interior by Firelight (Tate D00187; Turner Bequest XVII L) of about a year earlier. The rendering of sunlight on brick in this study can be compared with the similar effect in the finished watercolour of the exterior of the ruins (D00121).
There are colour trials on the verso (D41453; Turner Bequest IX Bv).
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.303 no.28, reproduced.
The sheet may have been cut along the upper edge.