Joseph Mallord William Turner

Three Sketches of Pictures, ?by Claude


Not on display
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Graphite on paper
Support: 123 x 118 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CCLVIII 32 a

Catalogue entry

This is one of four pages in this sketchbook dedicated to notes and copies of paintings in the Louvre, mainly by Claude Lorrain (1600–1682). See folio 19 verso (Tate D24536; Turner Bequest CCLVIII 19a) for references.
The first sketch at the top of the page is a study after Claude’s Landscape with Rural Dance (La Fête Villageoise), c.1637 (Musée du Louvre). The sketch is inscribed towards the top ‘v warm tree’, and the figures are numbered ‘1’–‘6’ in relation to Turner’s notes which are as follows:
Sky blue at the top with white clouds only the [...] | and the outlines somewhat grey On the right the Town somewhat | of B[urn]t Sienna tone, the Bridge and the Tower [?]relieved by | warm and deeper as to mass than the sky and D[...] the water dark, and the ground | occasionally in light relieving the | figures which are chiefly red and | orange. The Blue serves two | purposes, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 shades the | cows Red white rump and dark | heads, these with the red and white | figure, XO, make the mass. – | The orange dancing figure yellow | with blue Ultra [marine] border | This is a warm rich full | toned picture, warm green | in the Trees and Brown shadows the figures hold the most Brown.
The second study is after Claude’s Seaport (Port de Mer au Soleil Couchant), c.1637 (Musée du Louvre). The sky is inscribed ‘Blue’ at the top-left, marked ‘x’ in the sea beneath the sun, and the figures are numbered ‘1’–‘5’. Turner notes:
This is a red Picture much touched upon the sky. | Warm with brown red clouds, a haze over the sun which | ceases at x in the water, and then it comes a light toned green | which is lighter than the shadows of the | Buildings. The mid [...] rather | Brown the green the figures like as shadows 1 2 3 4 5 ox | R B R O B W the | grown Brown.
The final sketch at the bottom of the page is based on Ulysses Returns Chryseis to her Father (Ulysses remet Chryséis à son père) ?1644–8 (Musée du Louvre). The sketch is labelled with colour names and initials, and two figures are numbered ‘1’ and ‘2’. Turner notes:

Thomas Ardill
February 2013

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