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On this page Turner demonstrates his dedication to the art of the old masters that he saw on a visit to the Louvre, with two studies after paintings by Claude Lorrain (1600–1682) and one after Nicholas Poussin (1594–1666), accompanied by notes. This is one of four pages on which Turner made studies from paintings in the museum (see folio 19 verso; Tate D24536; Turner Bequest CCLVIII 19a).
At the top of the page is a rather cursory compositional outline of Poussin’s Landscape with Diogenes, 1648 (Musée du Louvre) accompanied by the following inscribed notes:
The sky is warm. Some Blue clouds over the Hadrian’s Villa | to [?]left s[i]d[e] the white or rather yellow clouds are very pure and smaller | than usual with Gaspar. Shadows, of the Building | in the middle of the P[icture]. remarkable | cold Blue, the lights warm, | the shadows of the nearer | Building more reddish grey | or a[...] purple and this | tells in the light almost do. | The trees are grey and dull | green and the whole | foreground cold, the earth part | particularly cold with a few touched of warm red, but the ground | in the Picture never protrudes itself or through the Colours.
The second study (much more carefully outlined than the first) is of Claude’s The Disembarkation of Cleopatra at Tarus, (Le Débarquement de Cléopâtre) c.1641–3 (Musée du Louvre). The flag on the ship is labelled ‘Red’, the figure in the smaller vessel ‘R’ (for his red clothing), two more figures wearing red (‘R’) at the right foreground, and another ‘B’ for brown. A figure at the right of a group of three figures at the centre-right is numbered ‘1’ and two figures at the extreme right are numbered ‘2’ and ‘2’. These numbers are referred to in Turner’s notes, transcribed below:
This is warm, the | sky rather yellow. | The whole of the B[uilding] | in shade excepting the | Porch somewhat warmer | than Brown with | yellow for the lights. The | figures are the darker | parts of the picture, | particularly the Blue | which is only bright | by intensity of Ultra. | The sea is rather | heavy from the <...> | above cause the | Reds are clearer colors. | The ships are <beautiful> | brown and yellow, with red and Blue | among the ornament. The figure below in Red is the | largest portion of pure col. 1 then 2 then the orange in the centre with the striped carpeted | Boats; the Queen of Sheba next, in Blue then 1 and 2 very dark.
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