Joseph Mallord William Turner

Two Studies Related to ‘Men with Horses Crossing a River’: (i) Figures and Horses; (ii) Men with Horses and a Wagon


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Pen and ink on paper
Support: 171 x 262 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856

Catalogue entry

Two sketches, one above the other; the lower, in pencil, very slight and evidently drawn on the spot, depicts horses and a wagon while the one above, in ink, shows a different group of horses with four figures in front of a group of trees. The latter served as the basis for the central motif of the contemporary, unfinished oil known as Men with Horses Crossing a River (Tate N02695) 1, to which folios 44 recto and verso (D05842, D05844) are also related; in each case the connection was first recognised by Hill, who observes that the horses are being watered, not crossing a river. See 44 recto for the likely connection with Richmond scenery.

David Blayney Brown
October 2007

Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, p.118 no.170 (pl.170).

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