Joseph Mallord William Turner

Various Studies: A Tree; a Group of Cottages; a Composition Sketch of a Landscape Including These Cottages and a Covered Waggon; Another Composition Sketch of a Rocky Hillside with Distant Mountain


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Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Graphite on paper
Support: 215 x 271 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856

Catalogue entry

The group of cottages appears to be at Skyrrid Farm, and the lower of the two thumbnail sketches is a composition study for the view of Ysgyryd Fawr (Tate D00145; Turner Bequest XII P). The other thumbnail sketch, showing a rocky ledge with trees and valley beyond, is a composition in the manner of Ruysdael, unrelated to any known work of Turner’s at the date. Wilton suggests that the two studies may have been conceived as a complementary pair, such as Turner was frequently to produce later in his career.1 The larger study of a tree is executed in a slightly earlier style than the other drawings on this sheet. However, it may relate to the tall tree that dominates the subject in Tate D00144 (Turner Bequest XII O). In both watercolour versions of the subject, the tree retains the characteristics of that drawn by Turner on the spot in his first study of Skyrrid Farm.
Wilton 1984, p.37.
Technical notes:
The drawing is currently mounted as the recto. The other side is D00181 (Turner Bequest XII F)

Andrew Wilton
April 2012

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