T02107 STUDY FOR ‘SAINT EULALIA’ c. 1885
Pen and ink with grey and brown wash heightened with white on paper, 4 15/16 × 3 (12.6 × 7.7), edges uneven.
Purchased from Abbott & Holder (Grant-in-Aid) 1977
A study for the painting (74 × 46 1/2in) exhibited at the RA in 1885 (503), purchased by Sir (then Mr) Henry Tate, included in his founding gift to the Tate Gallery in 1894 and now N01542 in the collection.
St. Eulalia, a girl of twelve and a native of Merida in Spain, was martyred there in or about the year 304 for defying the local magistrate's attempt to enforce Diocletian's edict that all subjects of Rome must make sacrifices to the Roman gods. The form her martyrdom reputedly took was particularly gruesome: first two executioners began to tear her body with iron hooks, then lighted torches were applied to her breasts and sides until finally, as the fire caught her hair, she was stifled to death…