J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Crowhurst Park 1810

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Crowhurst Park 1810
Turner Bequest CXXXVIII 8
Pencil on white wove paper, 200 x 323 mm
Inscribed ?by John Ruskin in red ink ‘8’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CXXXVIII 8’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This drawing served as the basis for the watercolour Pevensey Bay, from Crowhurst Park made circa 1813 for John Fuller (private collection)1 and engraved by William Bernard Cooke in 1816 for Views in Sussex. The view is towards Bexhill and around Pevensey Bay to Beachy Head. Martello towers are visible along the distant shore. Crowhurst Park, which stands on the left, as the seat of Henry Pelham, Crown Commissioner for Customs. His kinsman the Hon. Charles Pelham bought Turner’s Wreck of a Transport Ship (Fundaçao Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon)2 in 1810 and succeeded his father, another patron, as Lord Yarborough in 1823. Turner was also familiar with the family’s Lincolnshire estate at Brocklesby Park.
Ramsay Richard Reinagle, in his letterpress for this subject in Views in Sussex, observed:
The spot affords nothing of a bustling nature, but on the contrary, is rather solitary; nevertheless the Artist has contrived to give it a twofold expression: first by a strict observation of the local character, and, in the second place, by a mid-day repose of men and animals; the former at their repast, as we conclude by the deserted implements of toil and labour; and the latter resting during noon-day heat. The sky admirably assists the effect: clouds are forming by the sultry heat, through which the sun throws its piercing rays.
The drawing gives no hint of these refinements and as always it is interesting to see how far Turner brought his memory or imagination to bear on the resulting watercolour.
A left-hand page from the sketchbook, this joins up with D10328; Turner Bequest CXXXVIII 9 which continues the drawing to the right..
Wilton 1979, p.348 no.426.
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, pp.128–9 no.210 (pl.213).

David Blayney Brown
April 2011

How to cite

David Blayney Brown, ‘Crowhurst Park 1810 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, April 2011, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-crowhurst-park-r1131371, accessed 04 October 2015.