J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner Winchelsea, Below the Pipewell Gate and Ferry Hill c.1806-10

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 11 Recto:
Winchelsea, Below the Pipewell Gate and Ferry Hill circa 1806–10
Turner Bequest XCII 43
Pencil and black chalk on cream wove paper, prepared with a buff wash, 153 x 216 mm
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘43’ bottom left, descending vertically
Stamped in black ‘XCII 43’ bottom left, descending vertically
Blind-stamped with the Turner Bequest monogram lower right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This is one of two views of Winchelsea in this sketchbook used for subjects for the Liber Studiorum; the other is on folio 6 (D05763; Turner Bequest XCII 44). Gillian Forrester suggests that Turner planned these as a pair, and in the present case he added a military presence to the foreground and gave the working title of ‘Soldiers’ to his design for the Liber plate (Tate D08145; Turner Bequest CXVII Q). See notes to D05763 for the location of Turner’s viewpoints. The Liber plate of this subject, simple entitled ‘Winchelsea, Sussex’, was published in 1812.

Finberg recorded that this was one of four leaves from the sketchbook ‘found loose’. The paper has a vertical crease right of centre.
Blank, inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘150. Invent[ory]’

David Blayney Brown
April 2010

How to cite

David Blayney Brown, ‘Winchelsea, Below the Pipewell Gate and Ferry Hill c.1806–10 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, April 2010, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-winchelsea-below-the-pipewell-gate-and-ferry-hill-r1131042, accessed 27 May 2018.