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The term is mainly used to refer to performance art, action art and their precursor happenings, together with later developments of performance since the 1960s.
In 1999 the publicly funded Live Art Development Agency was founded in London, UK, to promote and co-ordinate activity in this field.
Live art may also refer to art using living animals or plants. A major practitioner of this has been the arte povera artist Jannis Kounellis.