Refers to art that is dependent on technology and has a durational dimension

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  • Bruce Nauman, 'MAPPING THE STUDIO II with color shift, flip, flop, & flip/flop (Fat Chance John Cage)' 2001
    Bruce Nauman
    MAPPING THE STUDIO II with color shift, flip, flop, & flip/flop (Fat Chance John Cage) 2001
    Seven channel video installation
    duration: 5 hours 45 min
    overall display dimensions variable
    Purchased jointly by Tate, London with funds provided by the American Fund for the Tate Gallery; Centre Pompidou, Musée national d'art moderne, Paris with the support of Mr and Mrs William S. Fisher Family Foundation and the Georges Pompidou Culture Foundation; and Kunstmuseum Basel, 2004© Bruce Nauman/ARS, NY and DACS, London 2004
  • Roderick Buchanan, 'Sodastream' 1997
    Roderick Buchanan
    Sodastream 1997
    support: 265 x 240 mm
    Presented by the Patrons of New Art (Special Purchase Fund) through the Tate Gallery Foundation 2000© Roderick Buchanan
  • Christian Marclay, 'Video Quartet' 2002
    Christian Marclay
    Video Quartet 2002
    Four screen projection, found Hollywood film clips transferred to colour video and audio track
    overall display dimensions variable
    duration: 14 min
    Purchased from funds provided by the Film and Video Special Acquisitions Fund 2003© Christian Marclay

Usually time-based media are video, slide, film, audio or computer based. Part of what it means to experience the art is to watch it unfold over time according to the temporal logic of the medium as it is played back.

Early examples of time-based media date back to the 1960s, in particular the art of Bruce Nauman, who would record happenings to be played back in the gallery. His Performance Corridor, made in 1968, was a recording of a performance in which people edged their way down a dark narrow tunnel. Since Nauman’s early explorations, artists have also experimented with the elasticity of the medium in order to stretch time and space. In 1993 Douglas Gordon slowed down Alfred Hitchcock’s film Psycho for twenty-four hours.