Coinciding with Aftermath: Art in the Wake of World War I, this panel discussion explores the parallels between the growth and evolution of psychiatry in Britain after the war and the impact of trauma and loss on art and culture across generations.
Focusing on artistic expression and creative experimentation in the years immediately after 1918, this event considers movements such as dada and surrealism that helped reframe post-war cultural imagination. Dada's rejection of rational thought and exploration of ‘convulsive beauty’ in surrealism were shaped by artists’ memories and experiences of the war, leaving long-lasting and powerful traces on the mind. Simultaneously, the ‘New Psychology’ emerged as an alternative to traditional asylum psychiatry in the aftermath of war in the UK.
The panel will draw connections between artists’ responses to trauma, hysteria and loss and the influence of ‘New Psychology’, and the impact still seen today.
Dawn Ades is Professor Emerita of the History and Theory of Art at the University of Essex, Professor of the History of Art at the Royal Academy, a former trustee of Tate (1995-2005) and of the National Gallery (2000-2005) and a Fellow of the British Academy. In 2013 she was made CBE for services to higher education. She was Associate Curator for Manifesta 9 (2012). Her most recent exhibition is Dalí/Duchamp, curated with William Jeffett, of the Salvador Dalí Museum at St Petersburg, Florida, (Royal Academy and the Dalí Museum 2017-18).
Caroline Garland is a Psycho-analyst, and Consultant Clinical Psychologist who worked in the Tavistock Clinic for over 30 years. In 1987 she founded the Tavistock's Trauma Unit, which now receives referrals both nationally and internationally. She has written, taught internationally, and published widely on the subject of psychological trauma in adults. This together with her interest in group dynamics and group therapy has led to much consultative work with traumatised organisations.