J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner A Bridge Leading into a Town: ?Richmond from Twickenham c.1807-19

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
A Bridge Leading into a Town: ?Richmond from Twickenham circa 1807–19
Turner Bequest CXV 4
Watercolour on white wove lightweight writing paper, 230 x 377 mm
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘4’ bottom right
Blind-stamped with Turner Bequest monogram bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CXV 4’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Although at first sight the composition appears to be a generic, vaguely classicised scene, Gillian Forrester has noted its similarity to two views in the 1805 Wey, Guildford sketchbook (Tate D06207–D06210; Turner Bequest XCVIII 19a–21; see also a third drawing: D06211, D06212; XCVIII 21a–22),1 identified by David Hill as variations of the view over the bridge at Richmond upon Thames, from the west (Twickenham) bank.2 In the absence of specific evidence, the span of the Liber Studiorum’s active publication, 1807–19, is given here as a date range (as it is for various other unpublished designs). Studies made on adjacent pages probably also show or are derived from Thames scenery: see Tate D08084–D08086, D08088; Turner Bequest CXV 1–3, 5).3
Forrester 1996, p.24 note 81.
David Hill, Turner on the Thames: River Journeys in the Year 1805, New Haven and London 1993, p.168.
Forrester 1996, p.24 note 81.
Technical notes:
The paper is from a batch watermarked ‘J Whatman | 1807’.1 The work comprises thin washes laid in when the paper was dry, with some darker details put in wet on wet. The sky is also washed in; it is very pale, with streaks of bare paper above the distant rooftops.
This sheet was recorded by Finberg in 1909 as apparently still being in the sketchbook, but if so it was subsequently removed before the book was badly damaged by immersion in the basement of the Tate Gallery during the Thames flood of January 1928. His number, ‘4’, corresponds with the red ink folio numbers inscribed in the book by Ruskin. The whole sheet was taken from the book, leaving no stub, and then trimmed slightly irregularly at the left-hand edge to remove the stitching holes, their vestiges being just apparent.
Notes by Peter Bower, Tate conservation files.
Blank, save for inscription.
Inscribed in pencil ‘D.08087’ bottom right

Matthew Imms
May 2006

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘A Bridge Leading into a Town: ?Richmond from Twickenham c.1807–19 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, May 2006, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-a-bridge-leading-into-a-town-richmond-from-twickenham-r1131809, accessed 14 June 2024.