J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner A Distant View of Scarborough from the South-West c.1816-18

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 9 Recto:
A Distant View of Scarborough from the South-West c.1816–18
Turner Bequest CLI 18
Pencil on white wove paper, 116 x 182 mm
Inscribed by ?John Ruskin in red ink ‘169 Invent’ top right, inverted
Inscribed by an unknown hand in pencil ‘CLI 18’ bottom right, and by an unknown hand in ink ‘CLI 18’ slightly above
Stamped in brown ‘CLI 18’ bottom left, descending vertically
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This sketch records a distant view of Scarborough Castle (seen very faintly left of centre) looking north-east from the Malton and York road above the Weaponness Valley, about half a mile south-west of the present railway station and north of Scarborough Mere, and the first impression of Scarborough Castle when approaching from York. Turner sketched almost exactly the same view (with slightly more clarity of arrangement) in the Devonshire Rivers 3, Yorkshire, Wharfedale sketchbook (Tate D09866; Turner Bequest CXXXIV 65 q.v.) and in the Scarborough 1 sketchbook (Tate D11940; Turner Bequest CL 21), with almost exactly the same inscriptions, possibly on the same excursion.
This sketch is the first of a sequence of seven in the sketchbook extending to D11966; Turner Bequest CLI 13, in which Turner explored the Weaponness Valley at Scarborough, moving from inland towards the harbour. The Scarborough 1 sketchbook contains other sketches made in the same vicinity (Tate D11931, 11932; Turner Bequest CL 14, 15) exploring the valley towards Seamer, and these were all possibly made on the same trip.
The inscribed ‘169’ is the number given to the sketchbook in the original schedule of the Turner Bequest. It was presumably made when the leaf was removed for the exhibition of the verso (D11973) at the National Gallery (see catalogue notes). The paper has been somewhat darkened by exposure to light, except for a narrow margin at the edges, and there are patches of pale blue ?glue in each corner from a former mount.

David Hill
September 2008

How to cite

David Hill, ‘A Distant View of Scarborough from the South-West c.1816–18 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2008, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, September 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-a-distant-view-of-scarborough-from-the-south-west-r1146985, accessed 24 August 2019.