J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner A Landscape with Locks and a Windmill c.1807-14

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 11 Recto:
A Landscape with Locks and a Windmill c.1807–14
Turner Bequest CXXII 11
Pencil on white wove paper, 69 x 112 mm
Inscribed by Turner in pencil ‘5 Locks’ top right
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘11’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CXXII – 11’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This sketch, inscribed ‘5 Locks’, shows canal locks in the foreground and a windmill apparently marked as an ‘X’ on the skyline, with the disk of the sun or moon above. There is a similar view, made with the page turned vertically, on folio 10 verso opposite (D08299). The very faint sketch on folio 10 recto (D08298) may also be related.
There does not seem to be any direct connection with Turner’s painting Grand Junction Canal at Southall Mill, exhibited at his gallery in 1810 (currently untraced),1 or the associated Liber Studiorum design Windmill and Lock (see under Tate N02941), for which direct drawings are known. There are various identified and likely subjects along the Thames in this sketchbook, as discussed in the Introduction.
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, pp.72–3 no.101, pl.108 (colour);

Matthew Imms
September 2013

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘A Landscape with Locks and a Windmill c.1807–14 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2013, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, September 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-a-landscape-with-locks-and-a-windmill-r1147776, accessed 18 July 2024.