J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner A Man and Woman Standing Together in an Interior, ?beside a Curtained Bed c.1834-6

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 4 Recto:
A Man and Woman Standing Together in an Interior, ?beside a Curtained Bed c.1834–6
Turner Bequest CCXCI c 4
Watercolour and pencil on white wove paper, 79 x 101 mm
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘4’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CCXCI(c) – 4’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
It has been proposed that the sequence between folios 1 recto and 12 verso (D28874–D28886) ‘form a series of studies narrating an erotic adventure’ as distinct from other ‘studies on similar themes throughout the book’.1 There may be a case for extending or shortening this range slightly – Raphael Rosenberg has suggested that it ends at folio 11 recto (D28885),2 after the throes of passion – but in principle this seems likely, as some of the scenes are more conventionally pictorial and carefully defined by drawing with the brush (albeit sometimes sexually explicit) than the often rather rough, undeveloped washes later on. Jack Lindsay has imagined them as ‘the record of an episode at an inn (on the Rhine, perhaps). A set of delightful little paintings show a servant-girl undressing, a couple tumbling in the large bed, compositions derived from their embraces, and what are almost pure effects of colour and light derived from the experience.’3
Whatever Turner’s overall idea may have been, although the pale watercolour largely defining the woman and the man leaning in from close behind her suggests that they were initially depicted as clothed, the only pencil work in this sketch outlines their genitals;4 see also folios 6 recto and 9 verso (D28879, D28883) for similarly localised pencil work. They seem to be standing in front of a curtained bed.
For a discussion of the improvisatory and often erotic nature of the watercolour studies making up most of this sketchbook, see the Introduction.
Wilton 1974, p.126; see also Andrew Wilton in John Gage, Jerrold Ziff, Nicholas Alfrey and others, J.M.W. Turner, à l’occasion du cinquantième anniversaire du British Council, exhibition catalogue, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris 1983, p.[239] under no.173.
See Rosenberg 2007, p.327 note 23.
Jack Lindsay, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work: A Critical Biography, London 1966, p.161.
See Warrell 2002, p.36.
Blank, save for slight offsetting of watercolour from folio 5 recto opposite (D28878).

Matthew Imms
May 2014

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘A Man and Woman Standing Together in an Interior, ?beside a Curtained Bed c.1834–6 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, May 2014, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, September 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-a-man-and-woman-standing-together-in-an-interior-beside-a-r1148978, accessed 20 October 2021.