J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner A Ruined ?Italian Castle on a Rock c.1828-43

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
A Ruined ?Italian Castle on a Rock c.1828–43
Turner Bequest CCCXLI 245
Pencil on buff wove paper, 149 x 225 mm
Blind-stamped with Turner Bequest monogram towards bottom right
Inscribed in red ink ‘245’ bottom right (now faint)
Inscribed in pencil ‘245’ bottom right
Stamped in black ‘CCCXLI – 245’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
The subject, a substantial ruined fortress high above other buildings and trees, is unidentified, but may be Italian; see the Introduction to this section for further brief discussion and dating. The same scene is shown from a different angle in Tate D33960 (Turner Bequest CCCXLI 246).
Technical notes:
Paper conservator Peter Bower has noted this among numerous examples from Turner Bequest section CCCXLI of quarter sheets of paper with a watermark of letters ‘CS and laurel leaves’, paired with a separate mark of three numbers; they may come from one of the Brescia paper mill in Lombardy, from which there are comparable datable sheets from the 1830s and early 1840s.1
See Bower 1999, p.133 and note 1.
Blank; inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘427’ bottom left; inscribed by John Ruskin in pencil ‘145 | O’ bottom right; inscribed in pencil ‘244’ (sic) bottom right.

Matthew Imms
February 2016

How to cite

Matthew Imms, ‘A Ruined ?Italian Castle on a Rock c.1828–43 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, February 2016, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, November 2016, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-a-ruined-italian-castle-on-a-rock-r1183016, accessed 18 May 2024.