J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

ISBN 978-1-84976-386-8

Joseph Mallord William Turner A Windmill on a Hill above an Extensive Landscape with Winding River 1794-5

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
A Windmill on a Hill above an Extensive Landscape with Winding River 1794–5
D00670
Turner Bequest XXVII I
Pencil, watercolour and gouache on white wove paper, 193 x 280 mm laid on washed and ruled mount of white wove paper, 210 x 300 mm
Blind-stamped with Turner Bequest monogram towards bottom right
Stamped in black ‘XXVII I’ bottom right
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Perhaps an imaginary subject, this appears, as J.P. Heseltine pointed out,1 to be a very early instance of Turner’s use of gouache, which is used in the paling fence that runs down the hill to the left. Compare the technique of Tate D00691 (Turner Bequest XXVIII F), which paraphrases J.R. Cozens (1752–1797). This composition would appear to imitate Rembrandt (1606–1669), inspired perhaps by some etchings and drawings, or even possibly the famous painting of The Mill, now in the National Gallery of Art, Washington. Turner was to imitate this latter more explicitly in his painting Windmill and Lock of 1810 (currently untraced).2
1
MS note, Tate catalogue files.
2
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, pp.72–3 no.101, pl.108 (colour).
Verso:
The back of the mount blank.

Andrew Wilton
April 2012

How to cite

Andrew Wilton, ‘A Windmill on a Hill above an Extensive Landscape with Winding River 1794–5 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, April 2012, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, Tate Research Publication, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-a-windmill-on-a-hill-above-an-extensive-landscape-with-r1141107, accessed 13 December 2019.